Dr. Siri Kamath

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What is Hypertension?

Hypertension is a medical term for consistently elevated blood pressure levels. Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of arteries, and when it’s always too high, it can lead to serious health issues.

Causes of Hypertension:

  1. Lifestyle Factors: A sedentary lifestyle, poor dietary choices, and lack of physical activity contribute significantly.
  2. Genetic Predisposition: A family history of hypertension increases the risk.
  3. Age and Gender: Hypertension is more common as people age, and men are often at higher risk.
  4. Chronic Kidney Disease: Impaired kidney function can lead to high blood pressure.
  5. Obesity: Excess weight strains the heart, leading to increased blood pressure.

Symptoms of Hypertension:

Hypertension is often called the “silent killer” because it may not present noticeable symptoms until it reaches advanced stages. However, some individuals may experience:

  • Headaches
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision

Complications of Untreated Hypertension:

If left unmanaged, hypertension can lead to severe complications, including:

  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Kidney damage
  • Vision loss
  • Cognitive decline

Managing Hypertension:

1. Lifestyle Modifications:

  • Adopt a heart-healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy.
  • Engage in regular physical activity.
  • Limit sodium intake.
  • Avoid excessive alcohol and quit smoking.

2. Medication:

  • Healthcare providers may prescribe medications to control blood pressure, depending on the severity.

3.Regular Monitoring:

  • Keep track of blood pressure at home and attend regular check-ups.


Understanding hypertension is crucial for effective management and prevention of complications. By adopting a healthy lifestyle, seeking medical advice, and adhering to prescribed treatments, individuals can take control of their blood pressure and promote overall well-being.

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