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Diabetes Treatment in Bangalore
Treatment for Diabetes in Bangalore
Diabetes is a condition or chronic (long-term) disease that occurs when the human pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin. Insulin is a peptide hormone that regulates sugar. Raised blood sugar levels are the common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time unconstrained diabetes may lead to several health complications. Best Diabetologist in Bangalore can screen the health conditions and will help appropriate management of diabetes patients to have controlled/healthy diabetes, and serious complications can be delayed or prevented altogether.
What is an Diabetes Mellitus?
Diabetes, often known as diabetes mellitus by doctors. This is a metabolic disease in which the person has high blood sugar or blood glucose. This is because of inadequate insulin production or the body’s cells don’t respond to insulin accurately. Insulin is a crucial and essential hormone produced in the pancreas, which allows glucose to enter the body’s cells through the bloodstream, and the glucose converts into energy. Insulin is a must for the metabolism of fat and protein. Hyperglycaemia is the condition caused due to a lack of insulin, which leads to high levels of blood glucose, and this is the indication of Diabetes. If deficiency of insulin is left unchecked over a longer time, may damage the body organs. This leads to disabling and also life-threatening complications like cardiovascular diseases, neuropathy (nerve damage), nephropathy (kidney damage), eye diseases (retinopathy, even blindness, and visual loss). All the serious complications can manage or prevent in early consultations with Dr. Siri Kamath the Best Doctor for Diabetes in Bangalore.
We are experiencing an epidemic of diabetes all around the world and particularly in our country. This disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality due to complications of Diabetes in our country.
India has an estimated 77 million people with diabetes, which makes it the second most affected country in the world, after China. One in six people (17%) in the world with diabetes is from India. India also has the second-highest number of children with type 1 diabetes after the United States.
Over the past 30 years, the prevalence of diabetes has increased to 12-18% in urban India and 3-6% in rural India with significant regional variations.
An equally large number of people have prediabetes (14% of our population). Undetected prediabetes progresses to frank diabetes, with all the accompanying complications.
Types of Diabetes:
- Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. The body’s immune system attacks and destroys the Beta cells in the pancreas, where insulin is produced. For this reason, very little or no insulin is produced by the body. Type 1 diabetes occurs most frequently in young age people and also in children.
- Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body becomes insulin resistant, and sugar builds up (increase) in the blood due to the inability of the body’s cells to respond to insulin fully. This diabetes is most commonly seen in older adults. But is also progressively seen in children, and younger adults especially to rising obesity levels, physical inactivity, and improper or inappropriate diet.
- Prediabetes is the condition when blood sugar is higher than normal, but it’s not high enough to prove type 2 diabetes. Treatment for this can prevent more serious health complications. Treatment for this can prevent more serious health complications. Symptoms are:
- Unusual thirstier
- Pee a lot
- Blurry vision
- Unusual tiredness
- Hyperglycaemia in pregnancy: Gestational diabetes mellitus is high blood sugar during pregnancy or diabetes in pregnancy. This type of diabetes is caused placenta which produces by Insulin-blocking hormones. This can be diagnosed for the first time during the pregnancy and may occur anytime during the pregnancy usually after 24 weeks.
Diabetes starts insidiously and the patient can experience a wide range of symptoms such as:
- Urinating often.
- Feeling very thirsty.
- Feeling very hungry—even though one is eating as usual
- Extreme fatigue
- Weight loss
- Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet
Indians are particularly prone to develop diabetes because of certain genetic characteristics and lifestyle habits such as:
- Consumption of high-calorie/high-fat and high sugar diet
- Coupled with physical inactivity leading to obesity-especially
- Central obesity and increased visceral fat.
- There is also strong evidence that Indians have a greater degree of insulin resistance and a stronger genetic predisposition to diabetes
When deciding the best treatment approach to a patient with diabetes we have to keep in mind various factors such as:
- Whether it is Type 1 or type 2 diabetes
- The duration of diabetes
- Any complications that the patient may have(for eg- chronic kidney disease)
- Previous treatments the patient has received
- Any adverse events that may have happened(hypoglycemic events)
- Patient preference and ability to adhere to treatment regimens( for eg-elderly people, people with dementia, people living alone)
Keeping all the above in mind we formulate the best possible treatment regimen that the patient will be able to follow so that the patient can have a good quality of life.